VitreoRetinal Surgery

Vitrectomy is a type of vitreoretinal surgery used to treat problems of the retina and vitreous. In this surgery, an ophthalmologist may:

  • remove blood or other substance keeping light from focusing properly on the retina
  • remove scar tissue that is wrinkling or tearing the retina and causing poor vision
  • help repair a retina that has detached (pulled away) from the eye wall
  • remove a foreign object stuck inside the eye from an injury

During a vitrectomy, the ophthalmologist removes some or all the vitreous from the middle of your eye. This vitreous is replaced with either a salt water (saline) solution or a bubble made of gas or oil.

The Doctor may recommend a vitrectomy if you have one of these diseases or conditions:

  • diabetic retinopathy, with bleeding or scar tissue affecting the retina or vitreous gel
  • some forms of retinal detachment (when the retina lifts away from the back of the eye)
  • macular hole (a hole or tear in the macula)
  • macular pucker (wrinkles or creases in the macula)
  • an infection in the eye called endophthalmitis
  • severe eye injury
  • certain problems during cataract surgery


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